If you part of the business industry, there is no doubt that you have encountered the name Phillip Cochineas in one of your readings as being linked to the liquidation of his company and is now building it back. Now, why do you always hear liquidation and what does it mean? If you say liquidation, you are referring to a legal process that some business establishments go through if they need to put an end to their business. Since most businesses liquidated have to deal with creditors, the assets that they have left off will be sold to another company or person and whatever proceeds are made out of it will be given straight to the creditors as payment. The process of liquidation is also referred as business dissolution or winding up.
Usually, liquidation is thought of as the choice that business owners make when they can no longer pay for their accumulating debts. For the assets of the company, it will be the part of the creditor to do something about them after the company has declared that they will have their assets liquidated. What most creditors do is they sell them off so that they can make as much money from them as they can. The first in line to get the proceeds of the assets sold off by the company are typically the creditors. If the creditors will have left something, the next in line who gets it will be the shareholders of the company. Mostly, the preferred shareholders will gain more favor from the what is left from the proceeds of the assets and the next ones are then the common shareholders.
When it comes to liquidation, there are basically two major kinds of them. The first kind of liquidation is what you call compulsory and the second kind of liquidation is what you call voluntary. In compulsory liquidation, the court of the land is the one to make orders to the company to have their assets liquidated in order for them to pay off their debts to their creditors. Meanwhile, if you talk about voluntary liquidation, there is a filing of petition for liquidation in the court of law either done by the creditors, the contributors, or even the companies themselves. This becomes a result if the company has debts that will wind up the company or cannot pay for the debts anymore. Usually, the shareholders of the company are the ones that support its voluntary liquidation for the company to be dissolved.
Not being able to keep up with the competition and the recent changes in the market are the two common reasons why companies can no longer pay their debts. It is then expected that liquidation of the company will most likely take place. All of the outstanding debts of the company will be forgotten when it closes via liquidation. Like what Phillip Cochineas did, the directors of the company will be given better chances to be led to a better and brighter direction.